ensure that children get protection against
and exploitation, the department has taken
programmes and schemes
including survival, development and full participation in
social, cultural, educational and other endeavours for their
and well being.
Children below 6 years constitute 17% of the total
India i.e. about 17 crores.
As compared to
countries, infant mortality rate in our country is
the beginning of 1980s, 120 out of every
newly born children were dying even before completing one
year. Even after
of independence, more than 40%
Indian population live below poverty line.
Ignorance and illiteracy are still
among the rural people.
room for low-resistance and the
consequential early childhood diseases
the main causes
for this alarming situation.
The emphasis on child development has been on improving the
quality of services under Integrated Child Development Services
and also to improve the delivery of the programmes, components
through the convergence of services meant for women and children.
CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES SCHEME
Having realized the utmost urgency and importance of giving
highest priority to develop human resources, the Government of India
found it most essential to evolve a national programme for the
overall development of children. The result of this concern is the
emergence of a national programme called Integrated Child
Development Services Scheme in the year 1975, with a modest coverage
of 33 projects in the country with one pilot project at T. Narsipur
in Karnataka, which has been expanded to cover all the taluks in the
State. The welfare of pregnant and nursing mothers and children
below 6 years has acquired a
in the programme.
OF THE SCHEME
The main objectives of the scheme broadly are to :
the nutritional and health status of children in the age group 0-6
the foundation for proper psychological, physical and social
development of the child
the incidence of mortality, morbidity, malnutrition and school
effective co-ordination of policy and implementation amongst the
various departments to promote child development; and to.
the capability of the mother to look after the normal health and
nutritional needs of the child through proper nutrition and
OF ICDS IN KARNATAKA
The Integrated Child Development Services Scheme was started
in Karnataka on 2nd October 1975 with a pilot project at
T.Narasipura in Mysore District with just 100 Anganwadi Centres.
Since then, the programme has been expanded to cover all the revenue taluks and 10 urban areas in the state.
At present 185 projects are in operation covering all the 175
taluks and 10 urban areas.
the 185 Integrated Child Development Services Scheme projects
are now operational
under the Central Sector.
The Profile of Projects and Anganwadis in Karnataka
as on Mar. 2007
2646 additional Anganwadi centres and 405 mini-anganwadi
centres sanctioned by the Government of India on 21st December 2006
will be operationlised during 2007-08.
The benefits of the scheme are provided to children
below 6 years,
pregnant women and nursing mothers
socially and economically disadvantaged families living in
and tribal areas, urban
slums and places where SC/ST/minority populations are
target and coverage for 2006-07
0-3 years children
up to Mar 2007
The package of six services provided are -
and Health Education for women.
formal preschool education
These services are delivered to all the eligible
beneficiaries through Anganwadi centre which is the
focal point of
Integrated Child Development Services
scheme, between 9.30 a.m. and 1.30 p.m.
Supplementary Nutrition programme
is provided in Anganwadi Centres to the eligible children
below 6 years of age, pregnant women and nursing mothers and
2 adolescent girls
per centre in the age group of 11-18 years. This supplementary
feeding is in addition
to what they get at
home with an intention to fill
the gap between
what is required in terms of calories, proteins, vitamins,
minerals, fats etc, and
what is available through their
regular intake of food at home.
Each beneficiary is provided 300 calories of energy and
8-10 gms of protein as supplements, for a minimum of
300 days in a
year. For children in the age group 0-6 years supplementary
nutrition is being given
at the cost of Rs. 2.00 per beneficiary
per day for normal
children including transportation
charges w.e.f. 01.04.2006. In all ICDS projects severely
malnourished children, adolescent girls, pregnant women, nursing
mothers, anganwadi workers &
helpers are provided food @ Rs.
day for 300 days
in a year.
Milk bread is given to the beneficiaries of the two
urban ICDS projects of
Bangalore city only.
Amylase Rich Energy food is given to the to
the beneficiaries after mixing it with lukewarm water and made
into Laddus/ porridge . The composition of Amylase rich
energy food is
whole wheat (toasted), soya dhal (steamed), defatted
soya flour (toasted), bengal
powdered sugar, vitamins
and minerals (premix) and malted ragi.
0-3 children - Amylase Rich Energy
prepared by M/S. Christy Fried Gram Industries is supplied to 96 ICDS
projects and in remaining districts local food is given.
3-6 children - Amylase Rich Energy food is given for 2 days
and rice based local
food for 4 days.
for Pregnant women
and nursing mothers - rice
and green gram
are given as
"take home" food
for four days and
AREF for 2 days.
NUTRITION AND HEALTH EDUCATION
With a view to create awareness
hygiene and health
and to inculcate basic knowledge of nutritious food, child
care to mothers in ICDS
areas, trained Supervisors/Anganwadi Workers,
ANMs/ LHVs jointly conduct Nutrition and Health Education
Sessions with Audio Visual Aids.
Matters relating to
child care, care of pregnant
women and nursing mothers, dietary
better child bearing and rearing
practices, sanitation/ hygiene,
etc are included in NHED.
Nutrition Camps and
demonstrations are also
& Nutrition Board, Government of
are trained in
conducting nutrition camps by the Food & Nutrition Board.
As per the immunization schedule, children
are protected against 6 vaccine preventable diseases like
diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, pertusis,
tuberculosis and measles. Pregnant
women are given Tetanus Toxoid and immunization is carried out with
the co-ordination of Health
The progress achieved under Immunization up to March 2006-07
is as follows:
DPT, Polio and Measles
HEALTH CHECK UP
Health Check up includes
care of expectant mothers
care of nursing mothers and care of new born infants
of children under six years of age especially 'at risk' children
like those born with low birth weight/ congenital defects and
Jurisdictional Medical officers of
health check up of
all the children, pregnant women and nursing mothers coming
to each anganwadi, once
in a quarter.
Medicine kits are provided by the Department of Women and Child
Development to anganwadi centres to
health care of a simple nature.
Severely malnourished Children
(Grade III and IV), pregnant women
and nursing mothers
during the course of health check up, if necessary
are referred for treatment.
to nearby government hospitals for specialized intervention.
Referral Slips are provided in each Anganwadi Centre.
Beneficiaries with referral
slips are attended to
on priority and follow up action is initiated
by Anganwadi Workers.
f) NON-FORMAL PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION
" Integrated Approach
to pre-school Education" has
been introduced in the state for
children in the age group of 3-6 years who attend anganwadi centres
in order to provide a better
primary schools and the Anganwadi
centres and also
to achieve proper co-ordination between all those
involved in pre-school activities. An
exhaustive "Activity Bank"
with 100 stories/songs/ with colourful illustrations has been
provided to each anganwadi center.
EXPENDITURE ON ICDS
The Central Government bears the
entire administrative expenditure. The expenditure
towards supplementary nutrition is borne by the State
Government and the central Government on 50: 50 basis.
Budgetary allocation and
I. Administration Cost
funds for Additional Honorarium
end of Mar. 2007
(Up to end of Mar. 2007)
The fulcrum of Integrated Child Development Services Scheme
is community awareness and participation. Community is assisting in
the implementation of the scheme by providing buildings locally
grown vegetables, fuel, organizing health check up, immunization and
conducting health and nutrition education camps. In some
places the community
has come forward to donate
utensils and furniture also for use in
The participation from community has enhanced after setting
Samithis in each of the
villages. Members of women self-help groups also assist in
the implementation of the programme.
OF ICDS PROGRAMME:
Monthly and quarterly progress reports under the Integrated
Child Development Services programme are being consolidated through
NIC NET with the
co-ordination of the National Informatics Centre, Bangalore.
The Integrated Child
Development Services Scheme has proved to be a very effective child
survival scheme in the country and state as well. Infant Mortality
Rate in Integrated Child Development Services areas has come down
from 120/1000 live births in 1975 to 55/1000 in 2006. Likewise, the
percentage of severely malnourished children has also come
down considerably. The community has fully accepted the
programme and actively participating in the implementation. The School dropout rate has come down
considerably. Elected representatives, local organizations and
public have realized the importance
of the Integrated Child Development Services scheme.
training component of the Integrated Child Development Services
Programme has now been recognized as the most important key to
achieve the aims and
Integrated Child Development Services scheme with the ultimate
aim of moulding the functionaries
into "Agents of social and behavioural change.".
The Southern Regional Centre
Child Development (NIPCCD) located
needs of senior
Child Development Services functionaries
like Deputy Directors/Programme Officers/ CDPOs/ACDPOs etc.,
besides undertaking Research and Evaluation studies.
At present there is one Middle Level Training Centre
(MLTC) at Ujire(Dakshina Kannada)
catering to the training needs of
The state has 19 Anganwadi Workers Training Centres (AWTCs)
which are run by
NGOs for training anganawadi
workers and helpers.
The rates of
honorarium as well as course grants as per GOI guidelines
have been sanctioned by the State Government to
2006-07 an amount of Rs
216.29 lakhs was released
and Rs. 196.73 lakhs was incurred under the ICDS training programme
to train 595 supervisors, 6658 Anganwadi Workers and 8595 Anganwadi
training /orientation training).
STATE TRAINING TASK FORCE
monitoring and evaluation
of the training
Integrated Child Development Services scheme, the state
Government has constituted the State
The basic function of this Task Force is to integrate and
aspects of ICDS
training at all
to recommend changes in the curriculum, strategies and
ultimate goal is to reorient and re-utilise ICDS training
to turn it into a dynamic, responsive and human resource
OF ANGANWADI BUILDINGS
of 51150 Anganwadi centres functioning in the State, 29020 anganwadi
centres have their own buildings. The remaining centres are
functioning in rented buildings, temples, community halls, etc.
Zilla Panchayats have been requested to take up construction of
buildings on a priority basis.
department contributes an amount of Rs.50,000/- per building and the
remaining amount is met out of funds of various schemes under
Zilla Panchayath or public contribution.
During the year 2006-07 an allocation of Rs. 173.55 lakhs was
made, and expenditure
of Rs. 168.20 lakhs was incurred.
NABARD ASSISTANCE :
2006-07 an amount of Rs.800.00 lakhs was initially
allocated for this purpose. Subsequently additional amount of
Rs 900.00 lakhs was provided. The proposal to construct 692
buildings has been approved by
with a sanction of Rs. 1445.76 lakhs as
loan. The construction
of these buildings will be taken
up during 2007-08 .
NUTRITION PROGRAMME FOR ADOLESCENT GIRLS (NPAG)
programme for adolescent girls (NPAG) is a Government of India
scheme through which special nutrition is
provided to adolescent
girls from families living below poverty line.
Two backward districts of Karnataka i.e. Kolar and
Gulbarga have been selected for
implementing this programme on
basis. An amount of Rs.516.40
lakhs was earmarked as "additional central assistance".
Out of this, an amount of
Rs. 234.15 lakhs to Kolar district and Rs. 282.25 lakhs to
Gulburga district has been released during March 2005-06. For the
year 2006-07 an amount of Rs. 259.55 lakhs to Kolar district and Rs.
268 .15 lakhs to Gulburga district
has been released.
Under this Scheme, Adolescent girls who weigh less than 35
kg are identified and
6 kgs of rice is distributed every month through fair price shops to
identified card holders. 65833 adolescent girls in Kolar district
and 66399 adolescent girls in Gulbarga district
have availed this benefit during the year 2006-07.
Shakti Yojana was being implemented in 38 ICDS blocks in the state
from 2001-02 and during
2005-06 the scheme was
extended to cover all the 185 ICDS blocks in the state. Under KSY,
180 Adolescent Girls in the block are given 5-days residential
training from funds released exclusively for the scheme and
supplementary Nutrition is being provided
to 2 adolescent girls in
each anganwadi centre. During the current year, all the
Deputy Directors have been given one days orientation training
regarding Taluk level Trainers Training and the implementation of
KSY. Taluk level TOT
members conduct the 5-days residential training for adolescent
amount of Rs. 203.50 lakhs is provided in the budget for the year
and up to the end of March
2007 an amount of Rs. 138.165 lakhs
As per 2001 census, the sex ratio in Karnataka is 964 females to
1000 males. Though this
is better than the national average, the current situation is strong
argument for according higher value to the life of a girl child.
There are several socio economic reasons for the 'strong
preference for a male pregnancy' that is seen to be present in
society at large which adversely affects the girl child's access to
nutrition, health care and education and her overall development.
In order to show the state government's concern for the girl
child and change society's attitudes towards her, and promote birth
of girl children in below poverty line families, a new welfare
scheme called Bhagyalakshmi was launched during the year.
scheme is restricted to two girl children born after 31.03.2006 in
BPL families. This benefit will be available if the father or mother
of the beneficiary girl has undergone terminal family planning
methods so that the total number of children of the BPL family does
not exceed three in the said family.
In order to be eligible for the maturity amount, it is
compulsory that the beneficiary completes 8th standard and she
should not have been married off before she reaches the age of 18.
Otherwise, the maturity amount will be forfeited.
If the beneficiary dies within 18 years, the amount will be
Certain interim payments such as annual scholarships and insurance
benefits will be made available to the beneficiary on continued
fulfillment of the eligibility criteria outlined in the scheme. The
annual scholarship slab is as given below:
of Annual Scholarship
the girl child is enrolled after due verification by the Dept., each
girl child will be given an amount of Rs. 10,000/- deposited
in her name in fixed deposit. The
amount deposited in the financial institution will be maximized and
paid along with interest to the beneficiary on her attainment of 18
During the year 2006-07 Rs. 234 crores had been earmarked to
cover 2.30 lakh beneficiaries under the scheme.
WORKERS AND HELPERS DEATH/ MEDICAL RELIEF FUND
The Government of Karnataka
has launched this scheme during 2002-03. to provide financial
assistance to the families of Anganwadi workers and helpers who die while in service and
medical expenses to those workers/helpers suffering from serious
illnesses like cancer, heart diseases and
renal problems. Anganwadi
workers and helpers who have completed a minimum of one year service
are eligible for reimbursement up to
Rs 20,000/- in
case of anganwadi workers and Rs. 10,000/-
in case of anganwadi helpers
During 2006-07 families
of 72 anganwadi workers and 138 helpers have been provided financial
assistance at a cost of Rs. 28.19 lakhs.
SCHOLARSHIP FOR GIRLS FROM RURAL AREAS
encourage girls from rural areas
to pursue their education and improve their
educational level. and also to
prevent school drop
outs among rural girls.
girl child who hails from educationally backward districts like
Chamarajanagar, Bijapur, Bagalkot,
Raichur, Bidar, Koppal, Gulbarga
and Bellary wit a minimum 80% attendance in previous class
completion of examination is eligible
for scholarship subject to the conditions that she must be a
resident of a village
with a population of less than
20,000 and the family
income must be as per IRDP
norms. In 10 districts
only renewal of old cases is done and no
fresh sanctions given.
Each girl student will get
scholarship for 10 months at the following
5th to 7th Std
- Rs. 25/- p.m.
8th to 10th Std. -
Rs. 50/- p.m.
During the year 2006-07, an
amount of Rs 110.44 lakhs was provided , of which an
expenditure of Rs.98.70 lakhs was
incurred to extend the benefit to 28207 eligible girls. An amount of
Rs. 123.78 lakhs is allocated for the year 2007-08. The scheme is
being implemented in 18 districts.
FOR WELFARE OF CHILDREN IN NEED OF CARE AND PROTECTION
To provide care, protection
and near family
atmosphere for orphan
and destitute children and to provide food, clothing, shelter,
education, vocational training,
medical and recreational facilities.
organizations working in the
field of child
welfare for at
least 3 years are eligible to
get grant-in-aid for a
unit of 25 children. Orphan Children or children from
families below 18 years of age (boys and girls). Family
income should be less than Rs.6,000/- p.a. Income certificate from Tahsildars to be
Maintenance grant of
Rs.400/- per month per child,
Rs.50/- p.m. per
child is provided where the cottage is housed
in rented building.
Construction grant of Rs.10,000/
per child for
construction and the
non- recurring grant of
Rs.500/- per child
for starting the
destitute cottage is provided. 90% of
the estimated cost
is met by State govt and 10% by
During the year 2006-07, an amount of Rs 378.54
lakhs was allocated and
an expenditure of Rs. 338.98 lakhs was incurred to provide grant in
aid to 315 destitute
cottages. A budgetary
allocation of Rs 393.94 lakhs is made during 2007-08.
OF ASSISTANCE TO VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS FOR CRÈCHES
FOR CHILDREN OF
To provide day care
children of working
mothers between the age
group of 0-3 years for
a better and safe
environment and to ensure a healthy growth
and there by
lower the mortality rate.
Services provided are health care, supplementary
nutrition, sleeping facilities,
immunization, play and recreation
for the children.
Registered voluntary organization with suitable
eligible for financial
assistance from the Govt.
The children of
working women in the rural areas who
are engaged in agriculture
and other occupations
Universities and Stree Shakti
SHGs can also avail the assistance under the scheme.
of the schematic expenditure will be met by
State Govt.,and 10% will
will be released
in two installments. The
financial assistance available is as
1. Recurring Cost
Supplementary Nutrition Cost
@ Rs.5/- per person per day
3. Non recurring costs
2006-07 an amount of Rs. 55.81 lakhs was allocated, of which Rs.63.53
lakhs was spent to run 347 crèches. An amount of Rs 65.99
lakhs is allocated for the year 2007-08.
TRAFFICKING OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN
women and children has been increasing in an alarming rate.
This evil has to be inevitably
tackled at local levels.
It is the duty of the civilized society to
prevent this and rehabilitate
women and children who are being trafficked. In order to
contain this organized menace, the department felt the need to
create awareness at
district, taluk and village level.
The new scheme was sanctioned during 2006-07.
Committees have been constituted at state level, district
level, taluk level and grama panchayat level. In order to see that
these committees at the grass root level function in a proper manner
it was felt that these members
of the committees are to be sensitized.
programmes were conducted
to create awareness regarding the issue among these committee
members at taluk and Grama Panchayat level and also
one day awareness programme for the general public through
Jathas, ralleys, street plays etc.
were organized at taluk level.
During 2006-07, an amount of Rs. 15.00 lakhs was allocated.
Training for 4280 Gram Panchayat members, 1640 Taluk level
members were organized and awareness camps for general public in 164
AND KELADI CHENNAMMA BRAVERY
scheme of giving bravery awards to
children both boys and girls
in the age group of 6-15 years
who have shown exemplary
courage in saving the life of others was accorded sanction
during 2006-07. Two
boys from each district are identified under Hoysala Award and two
girls are identified under Keladi Chennamma Award.
It carries a cash prize of Rs.10,000/- and a citation.
These children are also given scholarship of Rs.2000/- till
An amount of Rs.100
lakhs was provided during 06-07 and Rs.0.85 lakhs was
utilized for giving awards to 7 brave children.
ASSISTANCE FOR CHILDREN ESPECIALLY
Under the scheme financial
assistance is extended to the children of ex-Devadasis,
ex-prostitutes and prisoners and to the children of women who are
the victims of atrocities, for continuing education the financial
assistance will be given to the girls till the age of 20 and boys
till the age of 18. The
details of the financial assistance provided under the scheme is as
I and II std. Rs.50/- for ten months (Children of
Devadasis and children of
women victims of atrocities only)
III and IV std. Rs. 75/- for ten months
(Children of Devadasis and children of women who are the
victim of atrocities only)
V to VII std.
Rs. 100/- p.m. for 10 months.
VIII to X Std.
Rs. 150/- p.m. for 10
X Std. onwards Rs. 300/- p.m. for 10 months.
The school Headmaster should certify that the student has
passed in the previous class and is continuing the education.
Rs. 17.00 lakhs was provided
and 1622 children were given the benefit.
AWARDS IN THE FIELD OF CHILD WELFARE
On the lines of the National Awards instituted by the
Government of India as
a part of International Year of
the Child in 1979,
the State Government
State Awards for
work done in the field
welfare in the
past 5 years. Two
institutions and one
award to an individual.
To an institution engaged in the
field of child welfare,
cash award of Rs.
1,00,000/- and a citation.
To an institution engaged in the field
of child welfare, cash
award of Rs. 1,00,000/- and a citation.
To an individual who has done best work in the
child welfare, cash award of
Rs. 50,000/- and
During the year 2006-07
and one individual were honoured
for their yeomen service in the field of child welfare.
Awards in the field of academy,
culture, art and sports were given to 8 children besides bravery
award to 6 children. 3 Anganwadi Workers
who rendered exceptional service for the welfare of children
were also given awards. An
amount of Rs. 4.12
lakhs was spent during the year 2006-07.
OF INDIA SCHEMES:
FOR WELFARE OF WORKING CHILDREN IN NEED OF CARE AND
of opportunities including non-formal education, vocational
training, etc to working children to facilitate their entry/re-entry
into the mainstream of education in cases where they have either not
attended any learning system or where for some reasons their
education has been discontinued with a view to preventing their
continued or future exploitation.
programme will lend support to projects in urban areas not already
being covered by the existing schemes of Ministry of Labour, which
provide support for the whole development of child workers and
potential child workers especially those who have none or
ineffective family support such as children of slum/pavement
dwellers/drug addicts, children living on railway platforms,
children working in shops, dhaba, children engaged as domestic
workers, children whose parents are in jail, children of migrant
labourers, sex workers, leprosy patients etc.
Non-Governmental Organizations meeting the following requirements
are eligible for the assistance under this programme.
It is a registered body under an appropriate act for at least two
that it gets a corporate status and a legal personality and a
group of liability for its activities.
It has an appropriate administrative structure and a duly
constituted managing/executive committee.
Aims and objectives of Organization's Memorandum of Association
should include the basic objectives of this scheme namely the
welfare of child.
of Assistance 90%
of the cost will be borne by Govt. of India and 10% will be
by the concerned voluntary organization.
OF ASSISTANCE TO VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATION TO COMBAT
TRAFFICKING OF CHILDREN FOR COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION
This project aims to test the efficacy of certain approaches and
methods to combat sexual abuse of children and rehabilitate them.
NGO working for the cause must be a registered Voluntary Organization
possessing by law Infrastructure facilities, Board of
Management and possess the pattern of staff, specified as per
guidelines. Project area for A specific red light area of a city or
town, a village in a source assistance : district.
working with law enforcement agencies, rescue operation, the project
: temporary shelter for the victim, repatriation to home town,
cost of the project : 8.23 lakhs
empowerment - awareness generation and social alertness, poverty
alleviation schemes, micro credit schemes through women's groups and
self help groups, involvement of Panchayati Raj institutions. Girl
child empowerment would cater to education and training. 2 types of
project . Total cost of the project : Rs 6.77 lakhs for rural and Rs
7.01 for urban
of assistance Period
of the project is specified for a period of one year. The Scheme
has three patterns under three different project titles namely pilot
project to combat trafficking of women and children in destination
areas, source area and to overcome commercial sexual exploitation.
being implemented by
Basava Karya Samiti in Bidar, Maitri and Kids Association in
Dharwad are implementing the programmes to combat trafficking of
women and children in Karnataka.
AWARD FOR INDIVIDUALS AND INSTITUTIONS
Government of India has instituted this award to recognize voluntary
efforts of individuals/institutions rendering services in the field
of child welfare and development. Five institutional awards of Rs. 3
lakh each and three individual awards of Rs. 1 lakh each
and a citation
The awards will be given to institutions and individuals who
have rendered outstanding services in the field of child welfare for
a period of 5 years. The committee constituted by the state government will select
and recommend the names to Government of
AWARD TO CHILDREN FOR
Government of India
has instituted the award to be given to children with
exceptional abilities and who have shown
outstanding achievement in any field such as academics, arts,
culture and sports. Children
between the age group of 4-15 years will be selected for this award.
The National Award consists of a Gold Medal, Rs.20,000/- cash and
citation for one child. In
addition to this, a Silver Medal with a cash prize of Rs.10,000/-
and citation is given for one child per State.
committee constituted by
the state government will select and recommend such exceptional
children to government of India.
The selected children will be declared and awarded by
Government of India.
GANDHI MANAV SEVA AWARD
Rajiv Gandhi Manav Seva Award identifies an individual
who has made outstanding contribution while rendering
services for children for a period of 10 years.
Service in the field of child welfare including the care of
children with disabilities will be considered.
The name of the selected individual will be announced on the
birthday of late Sri. Rajiv Gandhi i.e., on 20th August every year.
The award carries a cash prize of Rs. 1,00,000 and a
citation. The committee
constituted by the
State government select
and recommend the names to Government